The English language can be quite confusing sometimes, making it easy to misuse various words. I myself used to get confused with when to use seen and saw. These two words both refer to a visual action that was already done, but using both interchangeably cannot result in a grammatically correct sentence.
For this article, I will share with you a couple of tips about using the words seen and saw, how they both work in a sentence, so that by the end of this article, you will no longer end up misusing any of the two.
If you’re anything like me, you must have been wanting to learn how to make wooden signs at home. For do it yourself (DIY) persons, making a wooden sign is easy than you think. All you need are the right tools and proper instructions.
I got interested in DIY wooden signs when I needed to post a sign for our new shop. In comparison to paper signs, wooden signs are more durable and weather-resistant. After a few trials and research, I’m going to share with you the easiest way to make wooden signs and the tools that you’ll need.
Are you a do it yourselfer (DIYer) that wants to know how reliable a Ridgid band saw can be? Then continue reading as I’ll try to answer this question. Just like you, I have tried to search for the best band saw for my home projects until I discover this Ridgid brand.
I have tried many band saws already, but most of them perform below my expectations. Before I can buy spend my money on this unit, I tried to search for its reliability. Here are some facts that I discovered about this product.
Would you like to get a good table saw but you’re short on money? Don’t worry because you can buy an old craftsman table saw and rebuilt it for regular use. Rebuilding an old table saw is a better idea than buying a newer one because you can save money.
I learned about this possibility when I bought a vintage table saw from a garage sale in our neighborhood. After all the do-it-yourself (DIY) videos I've watched online, I eventually succeeded in transforming it into a new tool. To learn more about this vintage equipment, continue reading below.
As we all know, knowledge is power when it comes to any subject. Wood working is no exception and every wood worker clearly understands the importance of mastering some routing techniques. Once you know the tricks and techniques to use in your wood routing, there is no limit to what you can do with your wood router. Below is detail for some router techniques that can be used for successful wood routing;
Know your Router and What it can do
There are basically two types of wood routers, namely fixed and plunge base. While using a fixed base router, the bit is always in a fixed position once it has been fitted in and the base is locked. With the plunge router, the router bit can be plunged in and out of the material once it has been locked in the router.
It easier to make bit changes on fixed base routers than it is on plunge base. This is because the base on a fixed base router is easily removable. It is also much easier to make micro-adjusting bit height on a fixed base router. This may explain why the fixed base is preferred for dovetail jigs or on router tables. The plunge base on the other hand can easily be plunged in and out of the work piece. They make excellent for cuts for projects that require distinct starts and stops. These include dadoes and mortises.
Before making any bit changes in your router ensure the router is unplugged. You can also make router bit changing so much easier by removing the router base while you are removing or connecting the router bits.
To properly install the router bit on the router, set the bit to about 2/3 of the shank inside the collet and ensure it is tightened. You can also use bits that have ball-bearing pilots. This will eliminate the need for edge guides or straightedge fence.
Secure the Work piece
The piece of work should be properly secured since you do not want to chase the work material across the shop. You should therefore secure it unto a work bench and clamp the material into the right place. However, at times the clamp may get in the way of the router and may require repositioning. You can also use a router mat so as to provide a non-skid surface. That way you can be able to work around all the edges without experiencing any kind of interference. If the mat loses its grip you should rinse it under water so as to remove dust and restore some grab.
Do not even think of plugging in the router until you have the right eye and ear protection. A wood router is quite loud and can cause permanent damage to your ears if you are not well protected. Eye protection is always good when working on any tool since particles may slip into your eyes when you are not protected.
Follow the Right Direction
For your safety and router efficiency, you have to move in the right direction when working with your wood router. The right procedure to follow when routing the outer edge of a board is to go counterclockwise. By following the right direction you will be able to prevent the wood router from getting away from you and avoid climb cutting. Follow the clockwise direction when routing the inner edge of a frame.
The general rule is to always move the router against the bit rotation. This way the router will cut the work and give you complete control over the power tool.
Begin at the Correct Spot
You should always follow the right sequence when routing any work piece. If you are routing the four edges of a board, begin on the end grain, then cut the long grain, followed by the end grain, and finally finish on the long grain.
Turning the Router Upside Down
You can expand the capabilities of a wood router by turning it upside down. This will make the routing process easier and safer since the tool is well-secured and the bit clearly visible. The use of handheld routers makes it challenging to see the work piece clearly and it is almost impossible to handle smaller parts when the router is handheld. You can easily handle smaller parts such as stopped groove cutting and use large-diameter bits when you have a router table.
Use of Templates
One of the most popular techniques that wood workers use is template guiding or use of guide bushing. This simply refers to a steel collar that is mounted onto the base of the router. The template allows the user to easily and quickly cut any particular size and shape. Template edges should always be well-sanded until they are perfectly smooth. This will help avoid the transfer of any imperfections to the piece of work.
The guide bushing should always be pressed tightly to the edge of the template. With guide bushings you can perform some tasks such as cutting curved or irregular shapes and cut precisely mortises and hinges. Guide bushings can be bought individually or as a multi-piece set.
Dovetails are the most beautiful wood joints in woodworking. With dovetail-shaped tails, the wood worker can snugly fit in wedge-shaped pins and securely lock two boards. Wood workers use dovetail joints when building jewelry boxes, drawers, and blanket chests. While cutting dovetail joints, make the process simple and more precise by using a dovetail template. This is much easier than doing it freehand.
With these detail for some router techniques applied properly, you make your wood routing fun and exciting. A proper understanding on the use of your power tool is a plus when it comes to woodworking. Try out various routing techniques from time to time and you will realize within no time that you can do virtually anything with your tool. Irrespective of whether you just started as a hobbyist or you are already a professional, there is always something new to learn when it comes to routing.
The name “wood router” denotes a power tool that is used on wood. However, this may be misleading since a wood router can be used in cutting some other materials such as granite, aluminium, plastic and other materials. Read along to find out how to use a wood router in cutting materials other than wood.
Types of Router Cutters
There are basically two types of cutters, namely: Plain cutters and Self guiding cutters. These two are basically guided by using either a self guiding router cutter or a fence/template. These guides are used to direct the body of the router.
- Plain cutter: This type is made with a plain shank that is linked to the cutter.
- Self guiding cutter: This type will either have a bearing race or a solid guide that is normally attached to the cutting edge. Those that have a solid guide are quite expensive and usually cause heat marks in the area where it comes into contact with the surface of the wood. With the bear guides there is no friction against the surface of the wood and therefore they give a better finish.
Router Cutter Material
The type of material used in making the router bit will hugely affect the quality of the bit. This will ultimately affect the material which the router bit can effectively cut. There are basically two types of materials used: High Speed Steel and Carbide.
- High Speed Steel (HSS): Router bits made of this material are ideal for cutting and finishing soft materials such as soft timber. They cannot be used on harder materials such as hardwood and man-made board since they are susceptible to damage. They get easily damaged since they tend to overheat when used heavily.
- Tungsten Carbide Tipped (TCT): Bits made with this material have their cutting edges made of tungsten. They are the best for all timber materials as well as man-made board. Their cutting edges last longer than HSS. One of the main problems with these bits is that it is a challenge to sharpen them.
- Solid Tungsten Carbide: They are similar to TCT though they have a small diameter.
How to Use Cutters
In order to achieve maximum efficiency and lengthen the lifespan of your cutter, follow the following guidelines;
- Always make sure at least ¾ of the shank of the cutter is inserted into the router collet. Once this is done tighten well the collet.
- Ensure the cutting edges are sharp at all times and if not re-sharpen or discard.
- If you use HSS cutters examine for any signs of overheating. If the cutting edges have turned blue it shows it has been overheated.
- Make sure the cutters are clean at all times.
Metal Cutting with Bits
With the right router bits in place you can efficiently cut metallic materials. It is recommended that the woodworker uses a faster speed when using metal cutting bits. This is preferred mainly because it delivers more cuts per inch unlike a slower speed. It also delivers a smoother cut. The bits should be well sharpened and stored properly.
Asides router bit sharpness and ideal bit speed, use the right feed rate as well for metal cutting router bits to work efficiently. This will help achieve a clean cut. You should practice regularly with the metal cutting router bits until you are able to produce smooth and clean cuts. With enough practice you will know how to balance speed and avoid using a speed that is either too high or too low.
Any normal woodworking equipment can be used to cut aluminium. However, it is advisable to use lubricants since the speed of the woodworking equipment is high. A carbide tipped router bit is capable of withstanding the rapid speed required when cutting through aluminium. Router bits made of High Speed Steel will not withstand this kind of speed and material.
When cutting aluminium material using your wood router it is advisable that you use carbide tipped bits and a variable speed router since you can regulate the cutting speed. Some woodworking experts use old candles wax on the cutting bit when cutting aluminium and they have found it to be effective as a lubricant.
Instead of buying expensive plasma cutters or shears band saws to use in cutting aluminium, make use of a woodworking router. Always ensure you wear a face shield and protective clothing that will prevent the hot chips produced when you cut aluminium.
Cutting Granite and Marble with a router
A wood router can be used to cut granite and marble material. It is always wise to know which type of router bit to use in order to do this efficiently.
Since router bits for woodworking are mainly designed for cutting wood, they tend to burn up excessively when used to cut stone. There are literally thousands of router bits and each one of them has been designed for cutting specific material. However, it is important to note that most of the woodworking router bits are made particularly for cutting relatively soft material.
When selecting the ideal router bits for cutting stone, select router bits that have the capability of cutting very hard stone material. Furthermore, it should also be designed in such a way that it can throw away dust from the cut. This is due to the fact that stone cutting generates lots of dust when cut and hence you may end up cutting fine sand made from initial cuts.
If you want to cut granite or marble with your wood router, it is advised you go for router bits made of advanced carbide grade material. For instance, cermet grade of carbide or diamond tipped router bits.
Once you understand how much you can do with a wood router, you will never go a day without one in your workshop. You can use your wood router to cut some materials such as granite or marble, metal, plastic, and many others. This helps you save a lot since there is no more need to buy some other equipment for cutting these materials.
Most of us have heard about the trim router but we tend to overlook its value in a wood working shop. It is one of the tools that never gets much use in most shops but yet is unique and strikingly versatile.
It is always awesome to get more than you bargained for in a tool. The trim router is one such tool that delivers just that. They are surprisingly lightweight, powerful, and mobile enough to be carried around unlike some other bulky routers in the workshop.
What is a Trim Router?
Trim routers are also referred to as laminate trimers. They were initially designed as one-purpose tools specifically for trimming laminate countertop material. When they first came into the picture they were not the most versatile tools but these days they play a wide variety of key roles.
They are now indispensable power tools in almost any workshop for the right reasons. They can be used in routing tasks and projects such as flush trimming, inlay cavities, rounding over edges, hardwood edging, rounding over edges, and many more.
Trim Router Functions
The trim can be used in handling a wide variety of tasks in the workshop including:
Task-specific trim routers are highly essential in any workshop. As a wood worker there are tasks that are done regularly and require different bits, for instance, specific forms of decorative edge-routing and others. In such a case, you find yourself changing and setting up bits from time to time. Since trim routers are cheap, you can buy three of them and use a different bit for each router. This way you avoid the hassle of bit-changing and save on cost of buying a bigger router.
By installing a core-box or a round-nose router bit in a trim router, you can easily “rout out” perfect flutes. In case you lack a detachable edge guide (you can get standard with some small routers and for others it is optional), with a trim router’s small base you can easily set a straightedge near the cutting area. The routers that have square sub-bases easily follow the straightedge and therefore you can cut the flutes easily.
Routing shallow hinge mortises
With a trim router, routing shallow hinge mortises is a breeze. This is unlike a full-size router that normally tips or wobbles when the woodworker tries to balance it on the edge of a work piece. The trim router with its narrow base, low center of gravity and lightweight makes this process easy and hassle-free.
Perfect Inlay Grooves
Decorative inlays in any piece of work bring out your craftsmanship in any project. With a trim router you can get the best inlay grooves. It can help you get tighter and narrower surfaces. For example, aprons on table legs. In order to get perfect straight-edge grooves make use of an edge guide or simply follow a straightedge. A downcut spiral bit or a straight bit will help you achieve this.
A butterfly patch or a decorative patch can easily be designed using a trim router. They are used to conceal undesirable splits or knots in a piece of work. You can use the router to remove the material then cut a perfect butterfly patch in the affected part. Using a template in conjunction with a top-bearing bit or guide bushing and the trimmer, you can get this done with ease. When the trim router is used it normally feels like an extension of your hand since it is light and easy to handle.
You can easily drill holes using a trim router just like with a standard plunge router. Using a template and the trimer, you can make shelf pin holes quite easily.
Even though the trim router cannot take the place of true joinery cutters, they can be used for making small quick joints. They can be used in cutting laps, dadoes, rabbets, and other joint parts just like it is done with larger tools.
A trim router delivers perfect edge profiles. By making several careful passes, you can reach your required depth easily using this router. You can also make larger ogees, beading, coves, and edge shaping using laminate trimmers.
A trim router can perform some other tasks such as making of sign, duplication of parts, veneer edge banding, and many others.
Pros and Cons of the Trim Router in Comparison to Modern Wood Router
- Small and lightweight hence can easily be carried around.
- Perfect for intricate jobs that need steady and delicate touches.
- They have a cutting-speed advantage when compared to the regular router. Its bit rotates faster.
- Delivers greater precision on small jobs.
- They can be used one-handed hence are easy to control.
- The trim router is cheaper and instead of buying one big regular router one can buy several trim routers equivalent to the price of one big router.
- Delivers cleaner cuts since it delivers more cuts per inch.
- Can fit areas where the larger router cannot. For instance, it can go into tighter corners where the bigger one cannot.
- Most trim routers come with square bases hence can run along a straightedge easily.
- Lacks the power to handle heavy-duty tasks.
- The trim router may not be compatible with certain bit sizes.
- They are not suited for professional use.
- They are not durable as the regular wood router.
With a trim router in your workshop you can handle practically any routing task done by the bigger routers. Even though they were initially designed specifically for cabinets and countertops, it is now widely used for various tasks in the workshop. It is preferred by most woodworkers due to the comfort and the easy-control it offers. The trim router is also much cheaper with the price of 2 or more trim routers being an equivalent of the price of one large router.
A wood router, just like any other power tool, requires some good maintenance practices for it to serve the wood worker for an extended period of time. Wood workers who are reckless in the way they handle their wood router not only shorten the “routing” life of the tool but they also pose a great risk to themselves and other users. In order to maintain a wood router and ensure it serves you for a long time, follow the following maintenance practices.
These are regular checks on your router. They include:
- Regular Routine Checking: The wood worker should conduct regular checks on the router so as to find out any damages. These power tools handles heavy duty tasks and therefore they are prone to damages. By regularly checking the tool for damages, the craftsman will be able to identify any damages early enough and repair them. This will help avoid improper cuts and any unexpected accidents.
- Any enclosed routers should be connected to a dust collector so as to extend its operation life. They should always be clean and spotless from dust.
- Keep the router clean: You should keep the router clean at all times. Keep the router free from any dust or dirt. Removing any dirt and dust from the machine will help avoid overheating of the tool. Debris normally accumulates below and on top of the router. In order to eliminate this material, you can use a blow gun to remove the accumulated debris from the motor, collet, or the plunge.
- Also ensure that the inner parts of your router are kept free from dust at all times. This will help avoid overheating and will keep the machine cool.
- Router Brushes: The brushes of your router should be checked from time to time. These are situated on the sides of your machine and can be replaced easily. The user should simply open the cover and check whether the brushes are in proper working condition or not. Brushes that are in improper condition should be replaced immediately. The main advantage associated with the brushes is that they are available in various shapes and designs and thus all you have to do is to choose the one that will suit your tool.
- Always unplug the router: This is a precautionary measure that most craftsmen overlook. It is important to always to switch off and unplug the machine before the user conducts any routine maintenance practices. This will help avoid accidents and should be done irrespective of whether your machine is used free hand or mounted on a table.
- Inspect the power code so as to find out whether it is damaged or not.
Router Blades and Bits
- Conduct regular checks on the blades: The woodworker should check on a regular basis the blades put on the router. While doing this the user should be extremely cautious so as to avoid any damages to the hands. In case you get any damaged blades, replace them immediately. The loose ones should be tightened as well.
- Sharpen the blades: The blades are a key part of a woodworking router. Without sharp blades the woodworker cannot get fine and smooth cuts. It is only with sharp blades that the wood worker can attain high-quality cuts and designs. The blades should therefore be sharpened regularly so as to achieve the best cuts and designs. Furthermore, blunt blades pose a great risk of harm to the user.
- Cleaning of the collet: The collet holds the router bit and therefore it is an important part of your router. For the roputer to function properly the collet should hold the bit tightly. Therefore, proper maintenance of this part is important for the router to work properly. You should ensure the collet is clean by using a small brass or nylon brush to clean its interior and outer parts. Consider also dumping it into a solvent solution that will soften the dirt that has built up on the collet. The dust acculated in the collet makes it hard to remove the collet and the bit.
Router Base and Moving Parts
- Waxing the base of the router: A router requires a smooth base for it to function and move smoothly. You should therefore ensure that the router base is properly waxed so as to ensure a smooth operation.
- Lubrication of moving parts: For the router to function properly, it is mandatory that all its moving parts are lubricated. Avoid using inappropriate lubricants on the machine since it will damage the tool. Always use the ideal lubricant on the moving parts and the bearings.
- Clean the bearings: You should always keep the spinning bearings of the router free from dust. Allowing dust to accumulate on them will result in overheating and therefore for your machine to work properly clean the bearing regularly.
To ensure the safety of the wood worker, follow the following measures;
- Always wear ear defenders, eye and dust protection. Routers are extremely noisy and they produce a lot of dust and dirt when routing.
- Every time you want to operate on your router, make sure you turn it off at the mains just to be sure it is off.
- Ensure the router and the wood or work piece are held securely. This will enable you to “rout out” in either direction.
- Work slowly: Since the router always rotates clockwise, it is advisable that the user routers the work piece from left to right while ensuring they hold the router firmly. Try as much as possible to avoid working routing from right to left. If you do so, the router is forced to run along the wood and thus it becomes easier to lose control of the tool.
- Shallow cutting: Make shallow cuts at all times when you begin the routing process. By doing so, you will be able to prevent the wood from splintering and be in better control of the wood working router.
- Be in full control of the router: For safe and successful routing, the woodworker should have full control of their power tool. In order to achieve this, the woodworker may have to use a work bench or a router table. Alternatively, you can use a portable router fence. You can also make use of router bits that come with attached ball bearing tips that normally guide the routing path.
By following the right maintenance and safety practices you will be able to maintain a wood router for extended durability. Follow these guidelines and your tool will serve you for a long period.
Woodworking can be one of the most exciting and enjoyable experiences. However, handling improperly some tools such as a router can have some serious implications. In order to handle woodworking tools safely, you should always adhere to all the rules that come with the user manual. Your workshop should not be a place where you are in a hurry and you should never have the “It will never happen to me” attitude.
For safe wood routing in your workshop adhere to the following safety rules:
Always wear safety gear
The most important woodworking rule is to wear the right safety gear at all times. Always wear hearing protection for some noisy tools such as the router and surface planers. You should also wear latex gloves for the safety of your hands and safety glasses for eye protection. Put on the safety equipment when entering the workshop and do not remove them until you leave the shop. Wear your safety gear, no matter how small the task may be. You should also wear appropriate clothing and avoid anything dangling such as chains, bracelets, and other jewelry.
Avoid any intoxication such as drugs and alcohol
Never mix anything intoxicating with routing. If under influence of anything intoxicating, stay away from the wood shop. It may seem rather harmless and normal for the weekend woodworker to take a beer or two while working on a project. However, you should avoid the temptation until you are done with your project. You are much safer being sober and clean when routing than when intoxicated.
Disconnect the power before changing blades or bits
Whenever you want to change bits or blades ensure the electricity is disconnected. Do not just check if the switch is off but you should ensure it is disconnected since a switch can be turned on accidentally or it may even be non-functional.
Use one extension cord
It is wise to use one heavy-duty extension code for all your tools in your workshop. By doing this you are always forced to switch the cord from one tool to the other before making use of the tool. By so doing, you will always be obliged to plug and unplug the power when switching between tools. You will also be able to disconnect power when changing bits and blades.
Use sharp bits and blades
This may seem obvious but a blunt cutting tool is dangerous. If a tool is not as sharp as it should be, the woodworker and the tool have to work harder in order to finish a task. This may force the tool to kick back or bind. Furthermore, a sharp tool delivers a cleaner cut thus there are more benefits with working with a sharp tool.
Check for nails, screws any other metal in the work piece
This is an obvious precautionary measure that most people overlook. Always check the work piece you are preparing so as to ensure it is free from nails, staples, screws and many other metals prior to cutting. Rapidly spinning bits and blades can cause serious damages when they land on nails or metals. You can even use a metal detector before cutting so as to identify and remove any metals from the stock.
Work against the cutter at all times
Routers and other woodworking tools are designed in a way that the wood moves through the tool in the opposite direction with the cutting head. In simple terms, the bits and the blade cut against the motion. The cutters should always cut into the stock.
Never ever try to remove cut-offs when in operation
Do not put your hand anywhere close to the mowing blade in an effort to remove cut-offs when your router or any other power tool is in operation. You should wait for the tool to stop moving then reach for the cut-offs. It will even be much better if you use a push stick or a piece of scrap to remove the waste after the blade has stopped moving.
We all get distracted from time to time when engaging in everyday tasks and working with your router is no different. In case you are distracted when in the middle of a project, finish the cut before you sort out the distraction. Trying to take away your attention from the woodworking tool poses a major risk to the user.
Ensure the stock is secure
If using the router freehand ensure you clamp the workpiece securely to the bench or work table. You can place a friction mat on top of the bench before you fix the stock in position so as to secure the work and prevent it from shifting.
Chuck the bit properly
Once you have selected the bit you want to use, look out for any damages or visible dullness in the bit and if certain it is in perfect shape, insert it into the collet. Pull the bit out for approximately 1/16 inches since when the bit is left in full contact with collet’s bottom it loosens while routing. You should also avoid over-tightening the collet. Always chuck proper bits in the router.
Use larger bits for router table tasks
Bits that are more than 1 inch in diameter or longer than 1-1/2 should never be used in a freehand router. Bits with larger diameter should have a ½ inch shank and are ideal for a variable speed router and the RPM should be set to suit the diameter of the bit. 1 and 2 inch diameter bits require 18000 RPM, and 2 and 2-1/2 inch diameter require 16000 RPM. Remember to check out the specific speed requirements that come with the user manual.
The woodworking router can be a very useful tool in your workshop but if you fail to follow the safety precautions you may end up incurring damages to oneself and the tool. Adhere to the safety measures above and you can be safe when doing your routing projects.
The answer in a word: A lot! Any carpenter and woodworker is familiar with the router’s multifunctional abilities. The versatile tool comes in handy for all kinds of odd jobs around the house and for full-blown projects, both functional and decorative. It’s a fantastic power tool to have not only because of it is portable but also because it can be used across a wide range of tasks such as cutting, trimming and shaping on wood, plastic, metal and laminates. It’s not without reason that woodworkers the world over rave about the wood router as the single most versatile woodworking power tool in their toolbox.
The most basic of wood routers are used to “rout out”, or hollow out, a groove or a hole in a piece of wood, metal or plastic and give a smooth finish to edges, curves, contours and precision holes. Tasks like cabinetry and decorative molding have woodworkers reaching for their wood routers instantaneously. There are literally more than a hundred types of router bits available, all styled for a variety of patterns and functions.
Some of the important tasks a router accomplishes effortlessly are:
1. MAKING PICTURE PERFECT EDGES:
Creating a precise smooth edge on a thin piece of wood can be extremely tricky, but using a router will ensure a smooth finish to your edges every single time. Routers can be used to make even number of cuts and level cuts on edges that are straight or curved without any problems, and can easily replicate the same cuts on multiple pieces of wood.
Any good woodworker knows it is the end result that matters, and without smooth edges and perfectly finished sides, a wood piece is hopelessly redundant. Therefore, a wood router ensures a perfect finish to your wood work so your pieces are honed to perfection.
2. SHAPING STYLISH MOLDING:
One of the most awe-striking abilities of a router is the creation of intricate moldings for projects that are decorative in their purpose. Using a combination of different bits, you can apply your router to carve anything and everything from simple round molding to more perfectionist Roman ogee on doors and windows or shaping beautiful cuts into decorative designs on ornamental boxes and smaller esthetic pieces. What is most interesting is the ease of access that a router provides. What would’ve taken weeks to hack away and carve with careful thought, can now be completed in a matter of hours, and better yet, completed with finesse.
3. CREATING EFFORTLESS DADOES:
A slot or trench used to support shelves invisibly in a book case or a cabinet is called a dado. The strongest method to affix shelves: A dado can be cut from a router using a straight bit. Cutting common types of dadoes seem like a piece of cake when using a wood router; especially a through dado, which runs along both edges of a surface, while the ends are left open; and stopped or blind dado that ends before either one or both the cuts meet the edges of the surface.
Dadoes are indispensable in tasks that involve cabinetry and heavy work involving wood panels and shelves around the house, and without a wood router to help ease your burden, you might as well just give up and place your shelf items on the floor.
4. CARVING OUT CLEAN RABBETS:
Rabbets are usually cut into the back edges of cabinets and the sides of bookshelves, in the form or a recess or a groove that cuts into the wooden edge. Rabbets are also found helpful when creating doors and casement window jambs, and can be combined with a dado to form a sturdy joint.
Most wood routers accommodate a variety of rabbet bits, which can then be used to cut grooves of the desired width. A clean rabbet can be the most distinguishing feature of a simple piece of wood work, and of course is extremely functional in its purpose. Your high shelves and kitchen cabinets all speak volumes about the absolute indispensability of clean rabbets that hold them in place.
5. RECREATING PATTERNS:
Wood routers are extremely useful when cutting patterns, grooves and designs across multiples pieces of wood. For example, you can use the router to trace the outline of the original piece of wood, say a broken table or any other wood piece, and it will re-create it as many times as you please.
Routers are also used on flat pieces of wood to trace and recreate delicate designs and intricate lettering. Part of the charm of using wood routers is that you get to recreate the same original design many times over, and all so effortlessly. Wood pieces that are carved in beautiful styles and templates need only be traced once, and your workload is made that much easier the second time round.
6. RECESSING DOOR HINGES:
A wood router when coupled with the right jig can cut just the right amount of space for recessed door hinges or lock faceplates. There is a reason why recessed hardware gives a smoother appearance and effortless operation. Without wood routers and their essential accessories, wood work involving door hinges and window panes would lack the perfect finish. And it is all thanks to this versatile tool that wooden hardware is often preferred with recessed characteristics. Routers make recessing these crucial hinges a delight, and there is no better way of creating sturdy, well-functioning doors and panels. Routers prevent splinters- the worst tragedy of wood work; for a smooth and efficient operation.
The amount of work you can get out of your router is entirely up to you. Combining the right bits with the right piece of wood and positioning the router properly will give you a number of high quality pieces from simple pieces of wood. It is therefore crucial to learn the right way to use a router and to apply it to get the most out of it.